Nutrition

What’s In Season? Your Guide to Eating Local in Massachusetts This Year

Here's when to visit Boston farmers' markets to find all the fresh, local, and delicious fruits and veggies.

Genevieve Stillman, photo via Stillman’s Farm

Want to eat local and seasonal produce this year? Of course you do. Who wouldn’t? Food picked locally and at the seasonally appropriate time just tastes better—anyone who’s sliced into one of those bulbous heirloom tomatoes direct from the farm stand can tell you that.

But if you’re anything like me, you have no idea when we’re all supposed to be eating local kohlrabi, or looking for farm-fresh strawberries, or savoring a Massachusetts peach. So I reached out to Geneviève Stillman, of Stillman’s Farm, and she agreed to walk me through what to expect over the next few delicious months.

Naturally, she thinks everyone would be better off if we put in the effort and ate with the seasons, and encourages you to be adventurous. “Go shopping without a menu,” she tells me. “Get what appeals to you, what you feel like eating, what you see that’s available, and then go home and make your menu. That’s what makes shopping at farmers markets and shopping seasonally and locally much more satisfying.”

If you’re game, you can find Stillman’s produce at Boston Public Market and nearly a dozen other markets around the state, and track what’s available with the farm’s helpful interactive chart. And by the way, if you’re looking for some in-season produce recipes, we’ve got you covered right here.

Here’s what we can look forward to this year, direct from the source.

May

Photo via Stillman’s Farm/Facebook

In Massachusetts, May means asparagus (available May-June). The very beginning of the season for outdoor-grown produce also comes with the first radishes (May-November), rhubarb (May-June), bok choi (May-November), beets (May-November)spinach (May-November), and snap beans (May-November). Look for them in farm stands soon.

For the real asparagus fans out there, mark your calendars for the Asparagus Festival in Hadley, Massachusetts on June 2.

June

Photo courtesy of Stillman’s Farm

Then, in June, it’s time for strawberries (June-July).

“Everybody looks forward to strawberry season,” Stillman says. “In an amazing growing year we have picked strawberries at the end of May. That won’t be this year. It’s very rare.” So instead we can expect to see fresh local strawberries for the month of June, until it begins to waver in July.

When they do arrive, what’s the benefit in buying local? Stillman says it’s all about the ripening process. While strawberries for the global market will be plucked while they’re still white, and not yet ripe, local ones are typically collected just as they reach their peak. More time on the stem means more flavor. “And generally,” she adds, “the better it tastes, the more nutritional value there is.”

Also in June, look for the first carrots (June-October), kohlrabi (June-December), summer squash (June-October), turnips (June-October), and zucchini (June-October).

July

Photo via Stillman’s Farm/Facebook

By Independence Day, we’re entering prime berry season. We’re talking blueberries (July-September), raspberries (July-October), blackberries (July-August). It’s an avalanche of berries. “Sometimes the table at Boston Public Market, or any of the markets we go to, are loaded with berries because everything comes in at the same time,” Stillman says.

And, of course, there’s corn (July-October). Contrary to popular belief, and the demand that comes with the season’s barbecue celebrations, corn isn’t typically at peak deliciousness until midway through the month. “Everyone talks about having corn on the 4th of July, but it’s really rare to have corn on the fourth of July in New England,” she says.

Collards (July-November), cucumbers (July-October), melon (July-October) eggplant (July-October), hot peppers (July-October), okra (July-September), onions (July-October), plums (July-September), and radicchio (July-October) also show up in farm stands at the same time.

There’s another variable for July worth keeping your eye on: Peaches (July-October). The fruit, coveted in the summer for its juicy, tart sweetness, is apparently not a sure thing. Stillman reminds me of the horrors of 2016, when unusually warm temperatures, followed by Arctic chill, killed off an entire season’s worth of them. 2018 looks more promising, though. “So far, it’s gonna happen,” she says, referring to an appropriately peachy summer. “Lots of things can happen. That’s all I’m gonna say about that. If you get a cold night you kill all of them, which happened two years ago. Let’s just hope that doesn’t happen.”

Which leads us to…

August

Photo via Stillman’s Farm/Facebook

“August is definitely the high point for us,” she says. “August and the beginning of September. We pretty much have everything. Not only do we have green peppers, we also have the colored peppers. We have every variety of eggplant. You start to see watermelon.”

But the list doesn’t end with watermelon (August-October). You can also look forward to the emergence of outdoor cabbage (August-December), grapes (August-October), leeks (August-October), pears (August-October), shallots (August-November), and tomatillos (August-October).

September and October

Photo via Stillman’s Farm/Facebook

Seasonal eats don’t stop arriving when summer ends, of course. In September and October, look for pumpkins (September-October), squash (September-October), cranberries (September-November), rutabaga (September-November), parsnips (October-November) and local Brussels sprouts (October-December). 

The dates listed are based on Stillman’s Farm’s helpful availability chart, excluding months during which produce is grown inside a greenhouse.