A Guide to the Athenaeums of New England

The Boston Athenaeum is only the beginning.

Athenaeums are a sort of studious sanctuary. Named for the Greek goddess of wisdom, Athena, they’re defined as membership libraries dedicated to research and the promotion of learning. Their numbers are dwindling, with less than a dozen left in the United States.

Boston’s own famed athenaeum is a true gem—indeed a scholarly, rare book-filled haven. But for curious bibliophiles yearning to explore elsewhere, many of the country’s remaining time-honored shelves are located in New England. Here, we highlight seven athenaeums in the area.

The Boston Athenaeum
10 1/2 Beacon St., Boston, Massachusetts

Boston Athenaeum

The fifth floor reading room. / Photo by Anton Grassi, 2015, provided by the Boston Athenaeum

Founded in 1807, the Boston Athenaeum has more than 500,000 books, including the largest portion of George Washington’s collection in the country, and a book bound with human skin.

The Portsmouth Athenaeum
9 Market Square, Portsmouth, New Hampshire

Photo provided by the Portsmouth Athenaeum

Reading room photo provided by the Portsmouth Athenaeum

New Hampshire’s seaside book nook was incorporated in 1817. It boasts a 40,000-volume library, and has a comprehensive collection of materials that tell the history of the state’s only major seaport—Portsmouth.

The Salem Athenaeum
337 Essex St., Salem, Massachusetts

salem athenaeum

Salem Athenaeum photo by Trip Mason

Once located in the building that Peabody Essex Museum now inhabits, the Salem Athenaeum moved to its current location in 1907. We recommend kicking back with some witchcraft writings for a truly spellbinding experience.

The Providence Athenaeum
251 Benefit St., Providence, Rhode Island

Providence Athenaeum

Providence Athenaeum interior photo via Wikimedia/Creative Commons

The Providence Athenaeum’s list of former members includes Edgar Allen Poe. During a short-lived engagement in 1848, Poe and Providence native Sarah Helen Whitman perused the stacks together.

The Redwood Library and Athenaeum
50 Bellevue Avenue, Newport, Rhode Island

redwood athenaeum

Redwood Library and Athenaeum photo via Wikimedia/Creative Commons

The Redwood Library and Athenaeum is the oldest U.S. library still occupying its original building. Founded in 1747, the library now has almost 1,600 members.

The St. Johnsbury Athenaeum
1171 Main St., St. Johnsbury, Vermont

Home to books, Hudson River School paintings, and a few magnificent spiral staircases, Vermont’s St. Johnsbury Athenaeum was created by the Fairbanks family in 1871 with wealth from inventing the world’s first platform scale.

The Nantucket Atheneum
1 India St., Nantucket, Massachusetts


Nantucket Atheneum photo via Wikimedia/Creative Commons

Technically the Nantucket Atheneum is a public library, but it was founded as an atheneum in 1837. A former gathering place for abolitionists, the atheneum became a public library in 1900—decades before the Berkshire Athenaeum in Pittsfield did the same.